Biofuel Industry News
Introducing the Newest Renewable — Propane
Sep 25 2014 Comments 0
Propane is a hydrocarbon with the chemical formula C3H8. It belongs to a group of chemicals known as alkanes that are all related by the formula CnH2n+2. Other important alkanes include methane, ethane and butane that are all used, like propane, as fuels.
Although propane is used as a gas, it is a very easy to liquefy for storage and transport — it also reverts back to a gas immediately on release from storage. This gives it advantages over other fuels that require chilling and pressurization equipment to convert to liquid form.
Propane, along with butane, is used extensively as a portable fuel because of the advantages outlined above. It is also used as a fuel in some vehicles. Vehicles that run on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) run on propane or butane or more usually a mix of the two.
Because of its ease of storage and use, propane can be used extensively as a fuel for cooking and heating in communities not served by the traditional gas or electric networks.
Current Production Methods
The majority of propane is currently produced as a by-product of natural gas production, along with butane and ethane. Propane can also be produced as a by-product of refining petroleum. Both of these processes use fossil fuels as a precursor.
New ways to make fuels are being investigated continually. Fossil fuels cannot last forever, and the impact on the Earth’s climate change has to be addressed. One area of research is into the production and use of biofuels. Currently, renewable biofuels do not contribute much to the energy mix and they have attracted some criticism over the use of land that could be used provide food. See the article, Biofuel Production Declines, for a discussion on the current global biofuel situation.
Recently, a team from Finland and the UK have published a paper suggesting a new method to produce renewable propane. In Kallio, P. et al. An engineered pathway for the biosynthesis of renewable propane published in Nature Communications, the team report on a synthetic metabolic pathway to propane, the first such report.
Although biosynthesis has been used to synthesize other alkanes, usually medium to long chained alkanes, no pathways existed to make short chained alkanes used as fuels. The team focused on making propane because of its wide use as a fuel and its property of being gaseous at ambient temperatures.
Pathway for Synthetic Propane
The biosynthesis of alkanes makes use of the discovery of an enzyme called aldehyde deformylating oxygenase (ADO). Enzyme’s are proteins, and are simply a biological catalyst; they speed up or allow a specific reaction to take place. The team developed a pathway so the synthesis takes place in an oxygen environment, meaning that the process could take place in photosynthetic hosts. This could lead to processes that convert solar energy into chemical energy. Only a small amount of propane was generated, but a similar approach could be used to manufacture other fuels.
Do you like or dislike what you have read? Why not post a comment to tell others / the manufacturer and our Editor what you think. To leave comments please complete the form below. Providing the content is approved, your comment will be on screen in less than 24 hours. Leaving comments on product information and articles can assist with future editorial and article content. Post questions, thoughts or simply whether you like the content.
Fuel for Thought - Restek Wins Company of the Year ASTM News - New Standard Helps Meet Need for Hydrocarbon Impurity Testing PEFTEC Preview - Excitement Builds for PEFTEC 2017 - Det...
View all digital editions
Nov 29 2017 Antwerp, Belgium
Nov 29 2017 Hamburg, Germany
Dec 03 2017 Houston, Tx, USA
Dec 04 2017 Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Dec 05 2017 Basra, Iraq