Analytical Instrumentation

  • Test methods for evaluating stability and compatibility of new IMO low sulphur marine fuels

Test methods for evaluating stability and compatibility of new IMO low sulphur marine fuels

May 19 2020 Read 402 Times

In October 2016 it was decided by IMO to introduce a global limit for sulphur in fuels used on board of ships. This so-called "Global Sulphur Cap" (capping the global fuel sulphur at 0.5%) has been enforced on 1 January of this year (2020). From this date the shipping industry has two options:

  1. 1. Switch to the new types of fuels with low sulphur content
  2. 2. Continue using HSFO (only allowed if ships are equipped with scrubbers)

This new situation has introduced a big challenge to the shipping industry and its fuel supply chain. The fuel suppliers will need to deliver a fuel which meets the parameters agreed between the supplier and user of the fuel. The fuel users will have the responsibility that the fuel will be handled correctly and safely on board, causing no engine failures when fuels are switched (even fuels which fully meets the statutory reguirements (ISO 8217) will require treatment on board of ships).

Important parameters of marine fuels are the stability, compatibility and stability reserve.

  1. 1. Stability of a residual fuel (asphaltene stability) is the resistance of a petroleum liquid to form insoluble material from the fuel itself, while handled and stored under normal conditions. Stable fuels will have a high resistance and unstable fies will give poor performance due to the formation of asphaltenic desposits.
  2. 2. Compatibility is the ability of two or more fuels to be blended without any risk of material separation, no precipitation of asphaltenes. Fuels may be compatible at some mixing ratios, incompatible at other mixing ratios or incompatible/compatible over the entire mixing ratio
  3. 3. Stability reserve of a fuel is used for blending purpose, hence compatibility of two fuels. It is and indication of the capacity of a fuel to absorb another fuel without causing precipitation of the asphaltenes.

Test methods for evaluation the stability and compatibility of a fuel are the Total Sediment Test (IP375/ISO10307/D4870) wich is a filtration test and the so-called spot test (D4740). Zematra is a producer and supplier of both methods. Zematra has developed an improved version of the Total Sediment Test available in a 2, 4 and 6 position version. The Zematra modified ASTM D4740 is a portable test kit which can be used on board of ships, we also supply a lab version and since 2018 there is an automated version available through Zematra produced by AD Systems.

A method for predicting the stability reserve which can be used for blending purposes (determine compatibility ratio) is the ASTM D7060. Zematra is the producer and supplier of the instrument for this method. The Automated Stability Analyser (ASA), calculates the Po and Frmax numbers, which can be used for blending calculations (correct mixing ratio of fuels). Four blends of the fuel are prepared, fuel is mixed with 1-methylnaphtalene (aromatic solvent) in 4 different ratios. These blends are then titrated with hexadecane (non-aromatic solvent). After completion the software calculates the Po, Frmax and P-ratio (P-value). These values can be used for blending calculations with another fuel (mixing ratio).

For more information send us an email.

Reader comments

Do you like or dislike what you have read? Why not post a comment to tell others / the manufacturer and our Editor what you think. To leave comments please complete the form below. Providing the content is approved, your comment will be on screen in less than 24 hours. Leaving comments on product information and articles can assist with future editorial and article content. Post questions, thoughts or simply whether you like the content.

Post a Comment





Digital Edition

Petro Industry News July 2020

July 2020

In This Edition Safety - BM 25 & BM 25 Wireless: 10 years of improved safety - Discover the enhanced PS200 Fuel For Thought - FCI announces Adam Schleyhahn as Director of Sales - New...

View all digital editions

Events

OGU Conference 2020 - NEW DATES

Aug 18 2020 Tashkent, Uzbekistan

Chemspec India 2020 - CANCELLED

Aug 19 2020 Mumbai, India

CIPPE - NEW DATES

Aug 26 2020 Shanghai, China

CIOOE - NEW DATES

Aug 26 2020 Shanghai, China

ONS 2020

Aug 31 2020 VIRTUAL EVENT

View all events